Photo: Courtesy of PETA
Researchers who use chimpanzees are operating under the paradigm that assumes humans and chimpanzees are more similar than different. Modern evolutionary biology reveals that the differences are far more important than the similarities.
— Ray Greek, MD
Niall Shanks, PhD
and Jean Greek, DVM
There was a time in the history of science when standard medical procedures to “help” people with emotional illness included pre-frontal lobotomies—where the brain was literally scrambled with a blade inserted behind the eye socket.
There was a time when scientific thought included notions like HIV-infected blood was harmless to humans.
There was a time when doctors didn't feel compelled to wash their hands as they moved from patient to patient because they refused to accept the germ theory of disease promoted by other scientists.
Project R&R’s science team is compiling scientific evidence identifying the limitations and problems of using chimpanzees as a means of studying human disease and health. These scientists and chimpanzee experts are revealing that the use of chimpanzees is a dead end, unproductive, unnecessary, cruel and often dangerous route.
The Case to End Chimpanzee Research challenges the use of chimpanzees in research including
- The inefficacy of results from chimpanzee research
- The medical limitations and dangers of results, including attempts to develop an HIV/AIDS vaccine
- The enormous toll of life long suffering that chimpanzee use and confinement takes on them
- The real possibility that the research could have and should have been done without chimpanzees
Growing evidence of invalidity
There is growing evidence that certain research findings derived from animal experiments—including experiments on chimpanzees—may not have been helpful, were in fact dangerous to humans, or could have been done without animals. Scientists who challenge the chimpanzee model argue that the problems begin with the erroneous assumptions used to justify the research. Challenges to existing research methods begin to establish scientific arguments against the use of chimpanzees and all animals in research.
All scientific methods of inquiry must be seen as fallible and evolving. If science does not challenge itself—continually—then it runs the risk of ceasing to be science and becoming dogma.
Resistance to change
Many institutions and researchers profit from the use of chimpanzees in research. Many chimpanzee researchers have spent their lives committed to this model. When esteem, reputation and money are at stake, objective and critical scrutiny becomes more difficult.
As consumer psychology informs us: the more you have spent, the more likely you are to “defend” your choice as a good one. Similarly, after years of doing chimpanzee research and of receiving millions of dollars in funding, it is the rare researcher who goes to work one day, acknowledges the limitations, the errors, and the cruelties of what he/she is about to do once again, and says, “No more.” Still, some have and they are joining the growing number of scientists who are committed to ending the use of chimpanzees and all great apes in intrusive biomedical research and supporting the Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act.
Challenging the status quo
It will take scientists who want to bring critical analysis to the status quo to challenge what is going on in labs. Their work calls for open debate with scientists advocating chimpanzee use. Thanks to Project R&R and the efforts of other national organizations and individual scientists that debate is finally, actively and effectively happening.
Project R&R is also committed to providing the public, with arguments that scientifically challenge the use of chimpanzees in research and support the public’s ethical and humane concerns and caring desire to get chimpanzees out of U.S. labs.
If you are a member of the scientific community and wish to contribute to Project R&R’s work, please contact us.